The consequences of the protracted conflict in Afghanistan and the resultant War on Terror had great ramifications for the people of the North-west of Pakistan. Home to the world’s extreme form of poverty, the Tribal Areas of Pakistan proved the ultimate battle field for this war. Reaching its peak in 2008-2009, it caused the biggest Internal Displacement in the history of the country since partition. More than three million people were forced to abandon their homes and escape to safer areas. As a result of the military operation against the militants majority of the IDPs have returned to their ancestral homes, the people from Malakand division being the first, however military operations in other areas of FATA have not only halted the return process but also triggered new displacement from places like Khyber Agency. The population of North- West Pakistan has suffered from the largest displacement for the past eight years, with the phenomenon reaching its peak in 2009 when there were more than three million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the region due to the war against terrorism and extremism in Pakistan. By May 2010, the figures were down to one million, but returns since then have been offset by new displacements. The influx from Bara Tehsil in Khyber Agency had started in the last year due to the military operation and they were registered as IDPs in Jalozai camp.
This Emergency operation (EMOP) aims to reach IDPs whose food and nutrition security has been adversely affected by the armed conflict. Activities include general food distribution for the most vulnerable families and supplementary food distribution for children. It also aims to reduce malnutrition caused by the displacement of the population and as such meets Strategic Objective of the WFP Strategic Plan: “save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies”. The EMOP contributes to Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 “eradicate extreme poverty and hunger” and MDG 4 “reduces child mortality”.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PROJECT